DESCRIPTOR LIST:  HAWAIIAN NATIVE BANANAS (Kepler/Rust)

 

VARIETY                LOCATION                         ISLAND                        DATE

 

ELEVATION                   GPS  NUMBER                 ROAD DIRECTIONS

 

General & Environmental Factors

 

Plant condition  [healthy   scraggly   dying]                       

Habitat Type                              

Water Availability    [    ridge               flat               ditch             stream         ]

Soil Description     [     rocky        clayey        poor        fertile         can’t see   ]

Exposure     [      sunny         semi-sun          shady         deeply shady      ]

Competition   (species, heights, damaging to banana health?)

 

Pseudostem

 

Height      (to peduncle base)                            Diameter (basal)               

Aspect  [    slender               normal              robust                 dwarfed                 semi-dwarfed                    not dwarfed ]

Colors       green        dark green      shiny grass-green        green + delicate pink       green + much pink       wholly pink/maroon

Underlying Colors

Blotches at petiole base   [      >75%        50%          25%         0%        virtually none     ]            

Blotch Color    [      blackish         shiny black        dull  "scorched" black         dark brown          light brown         chestnut   ]

Dried Sheath Coverage   [  none/few                     >50%                                       100%             ]

 

Keiki (suckers)

 

Basic Color                                      Wax   [      heavy    medium     light      ]

Sucker type    [sword          #           water            #          Peepers         #]

 

Leaves

 

General Shape   [narrow-oblong & tapered apex      narrow-oblong & blunt apex     paddle-shaped (broad in  middle, short, tapered apex]

Cigar leaf color   [green                yellow-green              bronze/coppery                     purplish                      dark red-purple  ]

Leaf blade base    [cordate               tapered              rounded                  symmetrical             asymmetrical         ]

Lower surface:

      Color:   Shade of green   [light      medium      dark     variegated]                 purple

      Waxiness    [light    medium     heavy]

Upper surface:

      Color:  Shade of green    [light     medium     dark     variegated

Corrugations     [      none                     few                          prominent                    ]

 

Midribs

 

Color, mature plant, top     [pale green       green        yellow-green      pink         flesh              red/black/burgundy w/green]

             , bottom   [    pale green         green        yellow-green         pink         flesh          red/black/burgundy w/green ]

Color, immature plant, top     [pale green          green         yellow-green         pink          flesh        red/black/burgundy w/green]

             , bottom   [    pale green            green           yellow-green          pink             flesh             red/black/burgundy w/green ]

 

Petioles

 

Length     [  short                                    normal                                      noticeably long                                                  ]

Color(s), mature plant   [pale green     green    pink on bottom    pink on side     burgundy/blackish/bluish (waxy)]

          immature plant   [pale green     green    pink on bottom    pink on side    burgundy/blackish/bluish (waxy)]

Degree of wax       [   light                          medium                         heavy             ]

Canal Type     [     widely open         open            vertical         almost closed            closed       ]

Margins     [      winged & wavy               winged& straight               unwinged       ]       

      Margin Color    [        green           brown            pink-purple       ]       

Rim Color   [        green        brown          pink-purple           very bright pink-purple         ]

Margin Width    [<1/8”          1/8”            ¼”   ½”            >1/2”]

 

Male Bud (fresh, early to half-ripe fruit stage)

 

Fruit Stage        [      very immature            young              green-ripe            ripe              over-the-hill     ]

Shape       [     top                 lanceolate          intermediate         ovoid        rounded        cordate      ]

Bract Overlap     [       none                 little              very obvious         ]

 

Colors:  Inside  [ dull  yellow   shiny red-brown     matte red-brown     pinkish-red      purple-brown    green    yellow/red streaks]

               Outside   [     purple-brown + heavy wax            purple-brown + medium wax            green          yellow & red streaks   ]  

   Apex     [        with yellow  tip         without yellow  tip     ]

         Inside Base     [         with yellow         without yellow      ]

Apex Shape      [     pointed           not especially pointed              rounded      ]

Bract behavior before falling      [        rolling            not rolling        ]

Bud depletion    [  none at full fruit ripeness             begins ca. 1/3 ripe               begins ca.  2/3 ripe         begins @maturity  ]

 

Staminate Flower (fresh)         [               fallen                freshly-picked bud        ]

 

When falling?     [           before bracts fall                after bracts fall       ]

Overall Color     [       all white/cream        pale pink-purple          medium pink-purple       rich pink-purple      ]

Color Distribution     [throughout perianth         perianth sides adjacent to free tepal       band above ovary      ]

Perianth Back    [   white/cream            yellow             pink /red               purple                 2 definite stripes              brownish blotches              red dots below lobes                            any thickening?       ]

Perianth Inside  [  same as outside color           darker than outside color          with 2  pink-purple stripes       ]

Free Tepal Color   [        white/cream        pale pink-purple          medium pink-purple     rich pink-purple      ]

Free tepal miscellaneous:     [   creases                           hollow “cheeks”                  thickened midline           ]

Apicula   [   obtuse/virtually absent       short & triangular             long & triangular             long & thread-like          ]

Nectar     [        watery               gel                none              bees   present              ants  present     ]

 

Stamens/Anthers (fresh)

      Color    [         white/cream                  yellow                  lavender                    pink      ]

      Exsertion (w. r. t. curled perianth lobe bases)    [      less than              equal                      greater than      ]

      Pollen    [        none              little                 lots         ]

Pistil

      Style   Color   [    white                cream               yellow                    pink/pink-purple         different colors in lower ½? ]

      Stigma  Color        [    cream               yellow                          buff     ]                            

Ovary

      Color [white/cream    yellow    pale green    apple-green     pale pink-purple     med.pink-purple   dark pink-purple]

      Pigmentation   [  wholly color-suffused     red/pink/purple streaks      "red" base      brownish splotches   none ]

 

Peduncle

      Length   [  <1′     1-2′     2-3'     3-4'  ]      Hairiness    [  smooth     few hairs     downy       very hairy >2mm    ]

      Color     [pale green      green       green with blackish     green with dark red streaks      dark red        black     ]

              Unusual traits   [  forked outside bunch           forked within bunch            double            triple          multiple      ]

Rachis

 

Position     [vertical            angled            kinked           horizontal           erect]

Coverings      [bare             neutral flowers            male flowers above bract]

 

Pistillate Flower

 

Perianth Back    [   white/cream       yellow        pink /red         purple          2 definite stripes     brownish blotches     ]

Perianth Inside (curled back) [  same as outside color      darker than outside color     with 2  pink-purple stripes       ]

Free Tepal Color   [   white/cream/translucent        pale pink-purple     medium pink-purple       rich pink-purple      ]

Stigma Color   [       white/cream            buff               orange-buff                   brown               ]

Ovary Color/Emerging fruits   [    yellow-green              light yellow-green               green                 dark green                   silvery/bluish             green & pink/red/purple            maroon-chocolate                            reddish-brown     ]

Ovule Arrangement      [   two-rowed              ca. four-rowed                other                    ]

 

Fruit Bunch (50+% development)

 

Bunch Position     [       hanging vertically                angled                       erect               ]

Arrangement of Fruit     [parallel to rachis         right angles to rachis        45 deg. to rachis     twisted ]

 

Synchronous ripening?   [          yes                           no               ]

Compactness       [tight                      open to fingers                    open to fist (below top hand)      ]

 

No hands & No. fruits per hand    [ Hand 1            Hand 2       Hand 3       Hand 4       Hand 5

                  Hand 6       Hand 7       Hand 8       Hand 9       Hand 10      Hand 11            ]

Total No. Fruits

 

Individual Mature Fruits 

 

Size      [    finger-length                     small                            medium                    large                                   huge          ]

Fruit Stage    [          very immature         young                   green ripe                       ripe                    over-ripe         ]

Length, typical     [   straight                        curved                  ]     Diameter                                               Weight

Shape      [    straight       straight distally       slightly curved        sharply curved     exceptionally narrow       angled      prominently angled      sausage  shaped      ball-shaped          inflated          fused  at sides       S-shaped   ]

 

Apex       [        pointed           lengthily pointed                blunt-tipped               bottle-necked             long bottle-necked

              rounded                lumpily rounded (near-bursting)        ]

Transverse section of fruit    [   pronounced ridges           slightly ridged            completely round & smooth       ]

 

Floral Relicts retained     [            perianth                 pistil                         none         floral scar prominent   ]

Pedicel Length  [   short                    medium              long                   longer on top hand?                            ]

Fruit Color, Immature  [  light yellow-green       yellow-green       green         dark green       silvery/bluish        maroon-&-green

              green & pink/red-purple               maroon-chocolate                 reddish-brown               green-&-white striped             ]

Fruit Color, Mature     [     yellow-green      yellow       bright yellow      golden-coppery    reddish-yellow      ]

Peel  Thickness     [     <2 mm         >3 mm         ]

Cracking of ripening fruit     [     yes           no         ]

Fruit falls from hands when ripe         [          yes               no       ]

Flesh Color   [  golden            yellow                     cream                  ivory/white               luminescent yellow-green                              salmon-pink(pink-orange)                 pale salmon-pink                       light orange                   darker orange inside?]            

Texture (fully ripe)     [         heavy               mealy                creamy                dry                 soft           fluffy                firm ]

Taste  (fully ripe)       [       astringent         mild/bland           semi-sweet            sweet          sugary            sweet-acidic     rich     ]

Culinary Type     [          cooking                          dessert                                   cooking & dessert       ]

Texture after cooking/cooling (ripe)  [  mushy      semi-mushy        firm        gelatinous      elastique   starchy      very starchy ] 

Seeds     [     none            flat              angular            rounded               black                 brown]     Size

Seed Distribution      [       scattered                     linear & central                       tightly packed        ]

 

Signs of Pests or Diseases   [bunchy top      Panama disease     corm weevils      black Sigatoka      thrips       fungi   ]

D71    Banana Descriptors Field Form April 2.doc